Freedom is an often underestimated and undervalued aspect of modern life with many people taking it for granted. Its absence in many underprivileged countries does not deter this from those with it. The value of freedom is a predominant feature in ‘The Handmaids Tale’ written by Margaret Atwood. Women are converted to nothing more than ‘walking wombs’ in an attempt to revive the human race, this entails severe control over their emotions, actions and decisions, essentially a loss of all freedom. This is based upon ideas of religious fundamentalism of the American Puritans and the theocratic society that they founded; whom Margaret Atwood had studied extensively. In the Republic of Gilead males are the dominating gender and remain in this position through fear, they maintain control over the freedom that is possessed and in doing so highlight some very potential real-world problems and also present problems that have occurred in the past and threaten to occur once again. This realisation and heightened awareness is a conscious part of Margaret Atwood’s writing in the novel with her only writing about things that human beings had already done.